The brutal dictatorship the world keeps ignoring(Washington post)


On Monday, the United Nations released the results of a year-long investigation into human rights in Eritrea. What it found was horrific. Detailing “systematic, widespread and gross human rights violations,” the U.N. commission of inquiry argued that Eritrea was operating a totalitarian government with no accountability and no rule of law.

“The commission also finds that the violations in the areas of extrajudicial executions, torture (including sexual torture), national service and forced labor may constitute crimes against humanity,” the report said.

However, it appears the report failed to produce any mainstream outrage. Unlike similar U.N. reports on alleged crimes against humanity in North Korea, or online criticism of human rights abuses in places such as Saudi Arabia or Qatar, the horrific accusations against Eritrea didn’t produce a viral outcry.


Why not? It certainly doesn’t seem to be because of the severity of the accusations. Crimes against humanity are pretty much as serious as you can get, and it’s hard to read the United Nations’ full report and not be shocked.

It’s hard to imagine now, but hopes were initially high for Eritrea in 1993 after it gained independence from Ethiopia after 30 years of civil war. Since then, however, President Isaias Afwerki has clamped down and allowed no room for an opposition. The U.N. report described a Stasi-like police state that leaves Eritreans in constant fear that they are being monitored.

“When I am in Eritrea, I feel that I cannot even think because I am afraid that people can read my thoughts and I am scared,” one witness told the U.N. inquiry.


The system leads to arbitrary arrests and detention, with torture and even enforced disappearances a part of life in Eritrea, the U.N. probe found, and even those who commit no perceived crime often end up in arduous and indefinite national service that may amount to forced labor. Escape is not a realistic option for many: Those who attempt to flee the country are considered “traitors,” and there is a shoot-to-kill policy on the border, the report said.

It’s also worth noting the significant effort and risk put into creating the report: The Eritrean government refused to allow the United Nations access to the country to investigate, so the U.N. team interviewed more than 550 witnesses in third countries and accepted 160 written submissions. Many approached by the United Nations declined to give testimony, even anonymously, citing a justifiable fear of reprisal.

A drawing provided to the U.N. by an Eritrean torture survivor.
A drawing provided to the U.N. by an Eritrean torture survivor.
Still, experts don’t seem too surprised at the lack of outrage generated by the report. “Clearly, Eritrea doesn’t capture the imagination, or rouse the conscience of Americans, much in the way North Korea does,” Jeffrey Smith, an advocacy officer at the Robert F. Kennedy Center for Justice and Human Rights, explained. “President Afwerki, while unquestionably a chronic human rights abuser and eccentric despot, isn’t portrayed by the American media in the same way that Kim Jong Un is.”


“North Korea also makes headlines for other reasons — namely its nuclear ambitions and the ongoing threat it poses to regional stability in East Asia,” he added. “Similarly, while Eritrea is certainly a police state similar to North Korea in many ways, it’s largely kept out of the headlines because Africa in general doesn’t feature highly on the agenda of policymakers here in the United States.”

The fact is, while the scope and authority of the U.N. report lent its allegations an added weight, academics and human rights researchers had long written similar things about the Eritrean state without a significant mainstream response in America or Europe.

In 2014, for instance Human Rights Watch called Eritrea “among the most closed countries in the world” and pointed to “indefinite military service, torture, arbitrary detention, and severe restrictions on freedoms of expression, association, and religion.” Reporters Without Borders has repeatedly ranked it as the worst country in the world for press freedom — worse even than North Korea.


“The U.N. report? We knew it already,” said Ismail Einashe, a Somali-British journalist who works with Eritrean migrants. “Too little, too late.”

Despite this, some reports on the country ignore this and focus on another aspect of Eritrea: Its unlikely tourism sector. International isolation, a history as an Italian colony and reported Qatari investment may have made Eritrea a unique if distasteful vacation destination: As one travel blogger put it last year, the capital of “Asmara felt much more like Naples than North Korea.”

Sara Dorman, an expert in African politics at Edinburgh University, doesn’t think much of either comparison.

“I don’t think it’s particularly helpful,” she said of the country’s reputation as the “North Korea of Africa.” At the same time, she stressed that Eritrea really does deserve to be seen as a special case. “As somebody who studies authoritarian regimes elsewhere in Africa, the Eritrean regime’s control over its population is qualitatively different than other African states,” Dorman said, before pointing to features such as the scale of Eritrea’s intelligence service and the practice of punishing entire families for the crimes of one member.

There are plenty of historical arguments for why the world should pay more attention to what’s happening in Eritrea. Former colonial rulers Italy and Britain have an obvious legacy there, and so does the United States, which allowed Ethiopia to incorporate Eritrea with the aim of keeping the U.S. Kagnew Station military base in the country. In addition, Eritrea has a difficult recent history with its East African neighbors: It’s currently under U.N. sanctions for supporting al-Shabab, the Somali Islamist group, and others in the region.

But one important reason to pay attention has become an unavoidable reality for Europe. Eritreans make up a large share of the migrants crossing the Mediterranean in flimsy boats to seek asylum in Europe: More than 22 percent of those who made the journey in 2014 were from the country, according to the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees, second only to Syrians. They flee not because of a civil war like that in Syria, but because of the immense restrictions the Eritrean state puts on their lives. As one escaped Eritrean put it, life there is a “psychological prison.”

Despite this, a number of European nations have recently tightened the restrictions on Eritrean migrants, many citing a Danish immigration report from last November that prompted criticism from human rights groups. The European Union is also considering increasing the amount of aid it sends to Eritrea via the European Development Fund. Experts like Dorman hope that the U.N. report may lead some in Europe to reconsider.

“If organizations don’t take note of this report, we really have to wonder about how they make these decisions,” she said.

Still, even if they don’t, the report does have one very vocal audience: The Eritrean government and pro-government media. In a statement published on Tuesday, Eritrea called the U.N. report a”cynical political travesty” that was an attack “not so much on the government, but on a civilized people and society who cherish human values and dignity.”



ውዲታት መናውሒ ስልጣን ዲክታተር ኢሳያስ ኣፈወርቒ! ኣብዚ ዝሓለፈ ርብዒ ዘመን ታሪኽ ኤርትራ


ኣብዚ ዝሓለፈ ርብዒ ዘመን ታሪኽ ኤርትራ: ኣቶ ኢሳያስ ኣፈወርቒ ነዛ ከቢድ ዋጋ ዝተኸፍላ ሃገር ብዘይ ቅዋምን ህዝባዊ-ምርጫን ባይቶን፡ ምስ ውሑዳት ተማእዘዝቱ ዝተፈላለዩ ውዲታት እንዳተጠቕመ ቐስ-ብቐስ ዲክታተርያዊ ስርዓት ኣማዕቢሉ፡ ሃገርና ከም ብሕታዊት ጥሪቱ እንዳ ኣማሐደረ፡ ንህዝቢ ኤርትራ ከኣ ናብ ርእይዎ ዘይፈልጥ ሕሱም ናይ ራዕዲ መነባብሮ ጅሆ ሒዙዎ ይርከብ።
ድሕሪ’ቲ ኣብ ሃገርን ህዝብን ከቢድ ኣሉታዊ ስምብራት ዝገደፈ፡ ነዊሕን መሪርን ዕጥቃዊ ቃልሲ ንናጽነትን ፍትሕን፡ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ገና ቁስሉ ከይሓወየን ንተንኮላት ዲክታተር ኢሳይስ ኣፈወርቒ ከየስተባሃለሎምን እንከሎን፡ መርኣያ ትምክሕታዊ ብህርያቱ፡ እቶም ብኣጋ ብሕግን ልቦናን ክእለዩ ዝኽእሉ ዝነበሩ ጉዳያት ኣሳቢቡ፡ ምስ ኩለን ጎረባብቲ ሃገራት ውግኣት ኣካይዱ፡ እዚ ከኣ፡ ሓልዮት ሃገርን ህዝቢን ከምዘይብሉ ዘርኣየ ፍጻሜ እዩ፡ ብፍላይ ግን እቲ ምስ ኢትዮጵያ ዝተኻየደ ደማዊ-ውግእን ኣብ ኣተኣላልይኡ ኣቶ ኢሳይስ ኣፈወርቒ ዘርኣዮ ዘይሓልፍነታዊ ኣመራርሓን፡ ሃገርን ህዝብን ኣብ ዝዓሞቐ ጥፋት ናይ ኣሽሐት ደቒ-ህዝቢ ሂወትን ንዋትን ሞራላዊ ዕንወትን ኣኸቲሉ እዩ።
ዲክታተር ኢሳያስ ኣፈወርቂ፡ ካብዚ ረዚን ሕጋዊ ተሓታትነት ንምህዳምን ከምኡ’ውን ምልኩ ንምድልዳል ተጠቐመሎም ውዲታት ገለ ካብቶም ቀንዲ ረቓሒታት፡ መጀመርያ ተወሪርና እናበለ ህዝቢ ብጋህዲ ከታልል ጀመረ። ቐጺሉ ከኣ፡ ሕቶ ትግባረ ቅዋምን ህዝባዊ-ምርጫን ምስ ምሕንጻጽ ቦርደር ዘይዛመዱ ተርእዮታት ክንሶም፡ ንዲፕሎማስያዊ ሃልኪ ዝኸውን እውን ዝርርብ ተሐሪሙ፡ ቦርደርና ከይተሓንጸጸ ከምኡ’ውን ወያነ መሬትና ሒዞሞ ከለዉ፡ ትግባረ ቅዋም ይኹን ህዝባዊ-ምርጫ ቀዳምነት የብሉን ብዝብል ውዲት ህዝቢ ሃገሩ ከየጥፈእ ዝነበሮ ስግኣት መዝሚዙ ንዓመታት ከታልል ቀጸለ።
ኣብ ኤርትራ ዘሎ ዲክታተርያዊ ስርዓት ቁጠባ-ሃገር ብብልሹው ምሕደርኡ ረሚሱ፡ ህዝቢ ናብ ሕሱም ድኽነት ኣቓሊዑ፡ ንባህርያዊ ጸጋታት-ሃገር ማዕድናታን ሃብቲ-ባሕራን ክራይ ወደባታን ካልኦት ንብረት ህዝቢ ብዘይተሓታትነት፡ ኣታዊታቶም ኣቶ ኢሳይስን ዉሑዳት መሻርኽቱን ጥራይ ዝፈልጥዎም ኮይኑ፡ ናብ ውልቓዊ ረብሖኦምን፡ መናውሒ ምልክን ይጥቐምሉ ኣለዉ፡ ኣብ ክንዲ መነባብሮ ህዝቢ ንምምሕያሽ ስርሐት ምፍጣርን ከምኡ’ውን ምህናጽ ህዝባዊ ኣገልግሎታት፡ ንጹሃት ዜጋታት ብዘይ መስርሕ ክስን ፍርድን ዝሕየርሉ ቤት ማእሰርትታት ይህነጽ፡ ከምኡውን ኣብ ውሽጢ ሃገርን ወጻእን መሐውር ስለይኡ ዘርጊሑ፡ ብልዑል ደሞዝ ዝሰርሑ ሃሱሳት ብምውፋር፡ ህዝቢ ተውዲቡ ሐቢሩ ንለውጢ ንኸይቓለስ፡ ብትሕቲ ሃገራዊ ኣጀንዳታት ከፋፊሉ ኣብ ሕድሕዱ ንኸይትኣማመን ሐያል ወጻኢታት ሰሊዑ ይሰርሕ።
ዲክታተር ኢሳያስ ኣፈወርቒ በቶም መሳርሒ ስልጣኑ ዝኾኑ ማዕከናት ዜናታቱ ኣቢሉ፡ በብእዋኑ ዘካይዶም ዲፕሎማስያዊ ስነ-ምግባር ዝጎደሎም ቃለ-መጠይቓቱ፡ ንነብሱ ከም ፍጹም ቅኑዕን ሐቐኛን ፈሊጠ-ኩሉ ኮይኑ፡ ንካልኦት መርሕቲ ሃገራት ከቆናጽብን ክውንጅልን ብፍላይ ከኣ ንመራሕቲ መንግስቲ ኢትዮጵያ ካብ መራሒ ሃገር ክትሰምዖ ዘሕፍር ወያነ እናበለ ክዝልፍ ድሕሪ ምጽንሑ፡ ዲሒሩ ክኣ፡ ንሳቶም እዃ እንታይ ዓቕሚ ሃልይዎም ከደምቲ ልኡኻት ናይቶም ካብ ድሮ ጸላእቲ ናጽነት ኤርትራ ዝኾኑ መንግስቲ ኣሜሪካ መሳርሒ እዮም፡ ብምባል ነቲ ውጽኢት ኣዕነውቲ ፖሊሲታቱ ዘኸተሎም፡ ፖሊቲካውን ማሕበረ-ቑጠባውን ውድቕታት ሃገር እንተላይ ምጽናት-ስደት መእሰያት ኤርትራ ከይተረፈ፡ ገበናቱ ክኽውል፡ ኣሜሪካ ሰብኣዊ ዓቕምና ከዳኽሙ ዝገብርዎ ዘለዉ ሽርሕታት እዩ ክብል፡ ብዘይሕንከት ክኸስስን ሐላፍነት ንኻልኦት ከሰክምን፡ ንህዝቢ ዘየሎ ዝዓበየ ጸላኢ ፈጢሩ ከርዕዶ መናውሒ ስልጣኑ ክጥቀመሉ ጸኒሑ።
ኣብዛ ዝሐለፈት ናይ ጥቅምቲ 7 2017 ኣቶ ኢሳያስ ኣፈወርቒ ዘካየዳ ቓለ-መጠይቑ ግን፡ እቲ ልሙድ መደናገሪ ኣዘራርባ ከም ወትሩ ኮይኑ፡ ግን ካብቲ ንነዊሕ ዓመታት ክጥቀመሎም ዝጸንሐ ሊዒሎም ተጠቕሶም ዘለዉ ውዲታት መናውሒ ስልጣኑ፡ ገለ ሐድሽ ሜላታት ክህንድስ ዝደሊ ዘሎ ይመስል። ብሰሪ ጎነጻዊ ባህርያቱ “ዞባዊ ሃዋኺ ስርዓት” ማለት Regional Spoiler ዝብል ቅጽል ስም ተዋሂቡዎ፡ ንነዊሕ ዓመታት ካብቲ ዞባን ዓለምን ተነጺሉ ዘሎ ስርዓት፡ ከምኡ’ውን ውጽኢት ፖሊሲታቱ ዘኸተሎ ውድቐት ሃገርን ስቓይ ህዝብን፡ ከም ሽርሒት መንግስቲ ኣሜሪካን ተላኣኽቶም ኢትዮጵያን ኢሉ ንነዊሕ እዋን ክኸስስ ድሕሪ ምጽንሑ፡ ናይ ሰላምን ምትሕግጋዝን ቛንቓ ዘይፈልጥ መራሒ፡ ኣብዚ እዋን’ዚ ግን ኣብቲ ቓለ-መጠይቑ ብዘይ ሕንከትን፡ ከምዚ ዝስዕብ ክብል ተሰሚዑ፡ ብመጀመርያ ነቶም ንነዊሕ ኣዋን ናይ ግዳም ተጻባእትና እንዳበለ ብሐሶት ክኸሶም ዝጸንሐ ሃገራት ከየልዓለ፡ ብኣንጻሩ፡ ወረጅ ክመስል፡ ዲሒርና ከይንህሉ ኣብ መበል 21 ዘመን ምህላውና ድሕሪ ምዝኽኻሩ፡ ምስ ኩሎም ጎረባብትና እንተላይ ኢትዮጵያ ንተሓጋገዘሉ ባይታ ክህልወና ኣድላይ ምኻኑ ኣተምብሀ፡ ቐጺሉ፡ ተዓዘብቲ ጥራይ ክንከው ከምዘይብልና፡ ከምኡ’ውን ንካልኦት ምኽሳስ ጥራይ ዘዋጸእ ኣይኮነን ክብል፡ መስተንክር ሐረጋት ኣውከኣ።
ምስዚ ብልሐተኛ ኣዘራርባ ኣቶ ኢሳያስ ኣፈወርቂ ዝኸይድ ካልእ ፍጻሜ ከኣ፡ ኣቐድም ኣቢሉ ምስ ኣብ ሶማል ዝርከቡ ኣልሸባብ ርክብ ኣለዎ ተቢሂሉ፡ ገና ብወግዒ ዘይተላዕለ እገዳ ተበይንሉን ከምሳዕቤኑ እውን ምስ መንግስቲ ሶማል ጥዑይ ዝምድና ዘይጸንሖ ዲክታተር ኢሳያስ፡ ነቲ ብጥቅምቲ 14 2017 ኣብ መቓድሾ ዘጋጠመ ግብረ-ሽበራዊ መጥቓዕቲ ኣመልኪቱ፡ ነቲ ንኣልሸባብ ንምጥፋእን ከምኡውን ምርግጋእ ሶማል ዝግበር ቃልሲ ከም ዝድግፎ ዝገልጽ ደብዳቤ ናብ ፕረዚደንት ሶማል ሊኢኹ። ንኣቶ ኢሳያስ ጉድይ ኤርትራ፡ ንህዝባ ኣይምልከቶን እዩ፡ ንውልቓዊ ስልጣኑ ብዘርብሕ ምስ ድላዩ ንህዝቢ የባእሶን ይዓርቆን።
እዞም ሊዒሎም ተጠቒሶም ዘለዉ ክውንነታት፡ ኣቶ ኢሳያስ ስልጣኑ ንምንዋሕ ሐድሽ ውዲት የናዲ ምህላዉ ዝእምቱ እዮም፡ ናይ’ዚ ምኽንያት ክኣ ምናልባት፡ ከምቲ ኣብ ዜና መድርኽ-ንሃገራዊ-ዘተ ወጺኡ ዘሎ፡ ማለት መንግስቲ ኣሜሪካ ምምሕዳር ትራምፕ ኣብ ገማግም ቀይሕ ባሕሪ ኤርትራ ወተሃደራዊ መዓስከር ክምስርት፡ ከምኡ ኣሜሪካ ንመንግስቲ ኢትዮጵያ ኣብ ምምልካት ዶብ ተጽዕኖ ክትገብር ዝብል ኣብ ዘተ ምህላዎም ዝተታሐሐዘ ክኽውን ይኽእል እዩ፡ ኣቶ ኢሳያስ ኩሉ ጊዜ ካብ ረብሓ ሃገርን ህዝብን ረብሓ ስልጣኑ ስለዝዓጦ፡ ኣብዚ እዋን’ዚ ብህዝቢ ኤርትራ ኣዝዩ ተጸሊኡን ካብ ዓለም እውን ተነጺሉ ስለ ዘሎ፡ ገለ ሐድሽ መታለሊ ሜላ ኣብ ምህንዳስ ዘሎ ይመስል፡ ድሕሪ ማይ ናብ ብዓቲ እዩ ነገሩ፡ ኣብ ናይ ዝሐለፈ ጥቅምቲ ቓለ-መጠይቑ ዘውክኦም ጨለ ዘረባታት፡ ነቶም ንነዊሕ ወያነን ኣሜሪካን እዮም ጸላእትኹም እናበለ ከደናግሮምን ዝጸንሐ ደገፍቱ፡ ስነ-ኣእምራዊ ጽልዋ ምድላውት ንምግባር ይመስል ።
እቲ ምስ ጎረባብቲ ሃገራት ይኹን ኣብ ዓለም ብሕግን ሰላምን ምንባር፡ ከምኡ’ውን ምሕንጻጽ ቦርደር ብደለይቲ ፍትሒ ክድገፉ ዝጸንሑ መትከላት እዮም፡ ብቕንዱ ግን ቓልሲ ደለይቲ ፍትሒ ኣብ ዘቤታዊ ምሕደራ ሃገርና መሰረታዊ ለውጢ፡ ካብ ግዝኣተ-ውልቐ-መላኽነት ናብ ግዝኣተ-ሕግን ፍትሕን ምስግጋር እዩ። ኣብ ቃልሲ ንፍትሓዊ ስርዓት ኣብ ኤርትራ ገለ ካብቶም ክጋጥሙ ዝጸንሑ ብድሆታት፡ በቲ ሐደ ሸነኽ እቲ ዲክታተር ካብ ውሽጢ ህዝቢ ዝቦቐለ ስለዝኾነ፡ እቲ ህዝቢ ናተይ እዩ ዝብል እምነት ኣሕዲሩ ስለ ዝጸንሐ ነቲ መላኺ ብኣጋ ኸለልዮ ኣይከኣለን፡ በቲ ካልእ ሸነኽ ከኣ እቲ ዲክታተር ንክብርታትን ስነ-ኣእምራዊ ኣቃውማ ህዝብን ኣጸቢቑ ስለ ዝፍልጦ ንውዲታት ራዕድን ምትላልን ምቹእ ሃዋሁ ፈጢሩሉ እዩ
ኣብዚ እዋን’ዚ ግን፡ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ድሕሪ ነዊሕ ምጽማም፡ ግህሰት ሰብኣዊ መሰላቱን ክብርታቱን ደረት ስለ ዝሰገረ፡ ፍርሂ በቲኹ ቓልሱ እንዳ ኣሐየለ ይመጽእ ኣሎ፡ ናይዚ ጭቡጥ መርኣያ ከኣ፡ እዚ ብዕለት ጥቕምቲ 31 2017 ብኣቦ ሐጂ ሙሳ መሓመድ ኑር ዝተወስደ ተባዕ ስጉምቲ፡ ከምኡውን ተመሃሮ ኣልዲ’ያእ ኣልእስላምያ፡ ዘካየድዎ ህዝባዊ ሰላማዊ ሰልፊ ኣብ ማእከል ከተማ ኣስመራ፡ ራዕዲ ዝበተኸ ፍናን ደለይቲ ፍትሒ ዘበረኸን ፍጻሜ ኮይኑ፡ ኣብ ቓልሲ ንፍትሐዊ ስርዓት ሐደ ኣብነታዊ ዓቢ ስጉምቲ ንቕድሚት እዩ። እቲ ስርዓት ከም ኣመሉ ሃይማኖታዊ መልከዕ ከትሕዞ እኻ እንተፈተነ ንተንኮለኛ ፈላላይ ውዲታት ዲክታተር፡ ህዝቢ ነቒሑሉ ምኻኑ ዘመልክት፡ እዚ ነቲ ተባዕ ፍጻሜ ንምድጋፍ ኣብ ወጻኢ መላእ ዓለም ዝካየድ ዘሎ ሰላማዊ ሰልፍታት፡ ብዓይነቱን ብዝሒ ተሳተፍቱን ካብ ናይ ቅድም ፍሉይ ብሓቒ ምስሊ ህዝቢ ኤርትራ ዘርኢ፡ ኩሉ ኣካል ሕብረተ ሰብና ዝካፈሎ ዘሎ ምኻኑ፡ ህዝብና ብሐቒ ንፈላላይ ውዲታት ሜላ ዲክታተር ኢሳያስ ኣፈወርቒ ክሳብ ክንድይ ነቒሑሉ ከምዘሎ ዘርኢ ዓቢ ምስክር እዩ።
ተኽኣ ጸጋይ
በርክሊ ካሊፎርንያ ሕ/መ/ኣ
ሕዳር 17 2017

Evidence that prisoners of conscience, critical journalists, and activists have been abused By Girma Bethany



In recent years, it has come to be recognized that men and women activists, prisoners of conscience, and critical journalists in Ethiopia have been sexually abused in detention as a method of torture. We do not know exactly how common the abuse is.  Few former prisoners are willing to disclose their experience. Rape, genital maiming/mutilation, and sexual violence including sodomy are under-reported by both men and women. Male survivors of sexual violence are less likely than women and girls to disclose assaults (Callender & Dartnall 2011)due to a combination of cultural and religious reasons manifested through shame, confusion, and guilt. This study uses personal accounts and anecdotal evidence to investigate the alleged abuses. The data indicate that genital maiming/mutilation and rape have been practiced in an attempt to silence dissent and humiliate the victims. This study highlights the urgent need for the international community and local human rights organizations to address seriously the needs of victims of sexual violence such as genital maiming, rape, and other obscene and sadistic, ill treatment in prisons.  The human cost of the silencing and the marginalization of survivors can only be estimated at present.

Summary and Preliminary Conclusion

The project is underway and the conclusions that we can draw from this work are tentative. For many years there have been rampant rumors that prison officials and interrogators in Ethiopia abuse prisoners of conscience, journalists, and members of the opposition party. These prisoners have been exposed to unspeakable violation and are at the same time incapable of public expression in Ethiopia where sexual abuse is a taboo subject. Rape and the maiming of genital organs as a method of torture are part of this tragedy. Abuses are not only sexual. They are multifold: dehydration, starvation, and solitary confinement; refusal to provide basic medical care; ignoring cries for help; and varied forms of psychological abuse.

The objectives of this study are (a) to document the magnitude of this tragedy; (b) to create public awareness; (c) to assist the victims; and (d) to encourage survivors to come forward and share their stories with researchers and human right activists. As there is no possibility of obtaining recognizable justice in Ethiopia, this documentation is essential to helping the victims gain access to international judicial mechanisms. Survivors could file suit and pursue criminal prosecution and trials for both the perpetrators and those who ordered the sexual torture. It has been demonstrated on many occasions that the federal judiciary in Ethiopia lacks the independence and determination to prosecute these crimes. As a result, an international system would provide hope to the survivors and their families in pursuing criminal prosecution.

There are a number of challenges to realizing the above objectives and goals. The first is lack of credible evidence. It is next to impossible to induce survivors to talk about their ordeals, so most of the evidence and data in this report are anecdotal. Two of the personal accounts lack rigor because survivors were not willing to share their experiences in detail. A second challenge lies in the ability to prove systematic abuse. Zawati observes, “The International Criminal Court Statute states that sexual abuse is a crime against humanity if they can prove that it was done in a systematic way”. Theoretically, one ought to regard these atrocities or acts in their context and verify whether they may be regarded as part of an overall policy or a consistent pattern of an inhumanity, or whether they instead constitute isolated or sporadic acts of cruelty.The limited data in this study indicate that the atrocities are planned, systematic, procedural, and omnipresent. By omnipresent we mean that the abuses appear to be present in all prisons at all times where activists and opposition party members are incarcerated. The anti-terrorism proclamation (A Proclamation on anti-terrorism Proclamation No. 652/2009) has provided an instrument to crush dissent and silence opposition parties. The proclamation punishes free expression, a violation of international law. The consequence is painfully real for journalists and activists who face imprisonment for exercising basic rights.  They have been branded by the Government as traitors and terrorists.

The study findings show that obscene and sadistic forms of torture are used in prison. The purpose of the abuse is purely to humiliate the victim and to intimidate others.

Sexual abuse has consequences far beyond the event itself. Harms include physical damage, psychological insult, sexually transmitted diseases, depression, and intrusive memories. In a country where psychological and psychiatric treatment, counselling, and emotional support are not common, it is very difficult for the survivors to reassemble their lives and to function as socially adequate and occupationally competent citizens.The gravity of this problem can be even more complicated among male victims because of cultural beliefs and deep seated traditions.

A cardinal reflection and overwhelming surprise in this study is the widespread rumor among Ethiopians that sodomy is also practiced in prison by government agencies as a method of torture.More research and investigation is required to substantiate such rumors. At present, the data are quite limited and diffuse. However, other forms of sexual abuse, such as genital maiming, rape, obscene and sadistic, ill treatment, are documented practice

Secretary of State Rex Tillerson FiredESAT News (March 13, 2018)


Engidu Woldie

President Donald Trump has fired Secretary of State Rex Tillerson and is replacing him with Director of the CIA.

The news came this morning in the form of the President’s tweet.

Several media outlets quoted White House press secretary Sarah Sanders assaying that Trump asked Tillerson to step aside.

“Mike Pompeo, Director of the CIA, will become our new Secretary of State. He will do a fantastic job! Thank you to Rex Tillerson for his service! Gina Haspel will become the new Director of the CIA, and the first woman so chosen. Congratulations to all!” Trump tweeted this morning.

Tillerson was in a week long visit to five African countries. He was in Ethiopia last Wednesday. But he cuts his tour short on Friday, visited Chad and Nigeria on the same day and headed to the U.S.

Apparently, he got the pink slip when he arrived in DC on Friday.

Ethiopian security forces massacre at least 9 civilians in Moyale as martial law takes toll on Oromia



March 11, 2018

by Zecharias Zelalem, Mohammed

(OPride)—Two days after U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson called for greater freedom to address the ongoing political crisis in Ethiopia, soldiers shot and killed at least nine civilians and wounded more than a dozen others in an unprovoked attack in Moyale, southern Oromia, near the border with Kenya.

Hundreds of civilians running from gunfire have reportedly crossed into the Kenyan side of Moyale town and are in need of humanitarian assistance.

“The Oromia Regional Government would like to express its profound sadness for the loss of life and at the cruel action taken against our people,” Addisu Arega, a spokesperson for the state, wrote on Facebook Saturday evening. “We will work with the Oromo public to bring to justice perpetrators of this heinous crime and all others involved.”

Oromo activists put the death toll from Saturday’s mayhem as high as 15. It was not immediately clear what exactly triggered the latest mass killings. The mayor of Moyale, Aschalew Yohannes, told the state-run Oromia Broadcasting Network (OBN) the incident is under investigation. Director of the city’s main hospital told OBN that all the victims died from gunshot wounds.

Eyewitnesses told the Voice of America (VOA), the attack came as a shock to Moyale residents as there were no protests, meetings, roadblockage or a disturbance that could have provoked the military onslaught. One eyewitness said some of the victims were shot at a coffee shop or while running away from the barrage of gunfire.

Daniel Berhane, a pro-government blogger in Addis Ababa, who has been actively promoting the emergency decree, has downplayed the brazen attack in Moyale as a mistake.

“A military unit was dispatched to Moyale area to intercept an OLF unit sneaking into the country,” he wrote on Facebook, referring to the Oromo Liberation Front, a rebel group that Ethiopia considers a terrorist.

“In the course of the operation, some soldiers, misled by erroneous information, have killed nine civilians and wounded 12. The soldiers are now disarmed and put in custody pending investigation into the matter.”

Graphic images

Facebook and Twitter are awash with extremely graphic images of the casualties in Moyale. In one of the images, several dead bodies, wrapped in blood-drenched shawls, are lined up beside each other.

Few of the bodies appear labeled. In one particularly disturbing image, the name “Tamam Nageso” was scribbled on the shawl in red ink. Activists have identified at least ten of the deceased, including Tamam, pictured here, who was described as a beloved principal at a local school.

Those massacred are mostly young men and some seem to have taken bullet wounds to the abdomen area. Another image shows a group of concerned youth — with visible anguish and distress on their faces —as they stand over the bodies of their fellow townsmen.

The death toll from the Saturday massacre in Moyale is expected to rise as five of the critically wounded victims have been referred to hospitals in the city of Hawassa, some 400 kilometers north. It is unclear if these patients would even be able to survive the trip.

A rigged vote and mounting death toll

The Moyale massacre caps weeks of relentless violence against civilians across Oromia, which began when authorities declared a six-month state of emergency on February 16. On March 2, parliament approved the implementation of the nationwide decree in a rigged vote, which led to strikes and protests across Oromia. The parliamentary vote came two days after security forces were ordered to “take all the necessary measures” to clampdown on “spoilers of peace,” a reference to unarmed protesters and dissenters in the restive Oromia state, which has been the epicenter of resistance since 2014.

So far, more than 30 civilians, including minors, have been killed by the military-run Command Post which oversees the emergency decree. More than 60 others have been wounded. Dozens of people, including youth activists, mayors, Oromia police officers and the deputy commissioner of Oromia police, have been abducted and jailed at undisclosed detention centers.

Until Saturday, killings took place mostly in western, central and eastern parts of Oromia, including the towns of Ginchi, Ambo, Guder, Nekemte, Dembi Dollo, Saqa Coqorsa and Chiro. These towns have seen much bloodshed and buried too many innocent civilians over the past few years. Ambo was the scene of an especially horrendous massacre caught on audio as security forces razed down nearly a dozen people last October.

By all accounts, the state of emergency has failed to secure peace and guarantee public safety. In Oromia, a relative calm that preceded the decree, is now replaced by heightened tensions and daily reports of civilian casualties, almost all of them in their early 20s.

The executive committee of the ruling coalition, the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), begins its much-anticipated gathering today. They have a full slate, including a crucial vacancy in the prime minister’s post that needs to be filled.

Officials in Oromia continue to urge the public to express its grievances through a peaceful means. But the people’s patience is running out amid relentless official violence and the arrests and disappearances of local youth.

In his statement Saturday, Addisu, the spokesperson, said the state government will redouble its efforts to make sure the ongoing threat to public safety is resolved in a sustainable way.

That effort is likely to include a renewed push from the Oromo People’s Democratic Organization (OPDO), officially the ruling party in Oromia, for the election of their candidate, Dr. Abiy Ahmed, as the country’s next prime minister. But activists and analysts say the most important agenda for the OPDO should be the immediate repeal of the martial law, which has effectively amounted to a declaration of war on Oromo civilians.

One thing is clear: The Saturday massacre in Moyale is a reminder that the disputed emergency decree has become a security nightmare for the state and it doesn’t offer a sustainable path forward for the country.


Tamam Nageso is one of the victims of the Moyale Masscre. Tamam, pictured here, is described as a beloved principal at a local school.

ለማይቀረው ለውጥ በህብረት እንነሳ!(የአርበኞች ግንቦት 7 ከፍተኛ አመራር አቶ ነዓምን ዘለቀ)


የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ ከፋሽስቱ ህዝባዊ ወያኔ ሓርነት ትግራይ ነፍሰ ገዳዮች ጋር እያደረገ በሚገኘው የሞት ሽረት ትግል߹ የህዝቡን ትግል ለማገዝ በሀገር ውስጥ ባሉን መስመሮች ሁሉ ማስተላለፍ የሚገባን ወቅታዊ መልእክት !

በህዝባዊ ወያኔ ሓርነት ትግራይ የበላይነት ስር የሚገኘው አገዛዝ የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ እየጠየቀ ፣ እየቆሰለ እና እየሞተለት የሚገኘውን የስርዓት ለውጥ ትግል ለማዳፈን߹ በአሁኑ ወቅት ህወሓት እየወሰዳቸው የሚገኙት እርምጃዎች በዋነኝነት ወደ ሀቀኛ ዴሞክራሲያዊ ፣ የፍትህ፡ የእኩልነት ስርአት የሚደረገውን የሽግግር ሂደት ለማስቆም ነው። የኢትዮጵያን ህዝብ የበታች አድርጎ የኖረው የህወሓት የዘርፋ ስርአት በህዝቡ የእንቢተኝነት ትግል ምክንያት ሊቀጥል ፈፅሞ እንደማይችል ወያኔዎች ስለተረዱ ህዝቡን በማፈን እና በመርገጥ ጊዜ ለመግዛት አልመውና አቅደው የአስቸኳይ ጊዜ አዋጁን እንዳወጁ ለእያንዳንዱ ኢትዮጵያዊ ግልጽ መሆን አለበት።

ከ100 ሚሊዮን የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ ውስጥ 6% ብቻ የሆነውን የትግራይን ህዝብ እንወክላለን የሚሉ ጥቂት ወንበዴዎች በኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ በሁሉም በመንግስታዊ ተቋማት߹ በፓለቲካ߹በኢክኖሚ߹በንግድ߹በወታደራዊና በደህንነት፡ እንዲሁም መንግስታዊና መንግስታዊ ባልሆኑ ተቋማት ውስጥ አይናቸውን በጨው ታጥበው፣ ቅንጣትም እንኳን ሐፍረትም ሆነ ይሉኝታ በሌለው አሳፋሪ ሁኔታ የህወሓት ትግራዮች የበላይነት ማስፈናቸው ብቻ’ሳይሆን በክፋትና በጭካኔ እንዲሁም በወንጀል የሃገራችንን እና የህዝባችንን ሃብትና ንብረት በመዝረፍ የከበሩ እና የደለቡ ጉጅሌዎች ናቸው። የህዝባዊ ወያኔ ሓርነት ትግራይ መሪዎች ፣ አባላትና ደጋፊዎቻቸው እየመጣ ያለው የለውጥ ማእበል በፍጹም ሊዋጥላቸው ሆነ ሊቀበሉት እንደማይችሉ ሰሞኑን በኦሮሞ ህዝብ ላይ የከፈቱት ሽብር፡ በነቀምት፡ በጉደር፡ በአምቦ፡ በደምቢ ዶሎ በህጻናት፡ በታዳጊ ልጆች በሃይማኖት ሰባኪ ሰላማዊ ዜጎች ላይ የተወሰዱ ዘግናኝና አሰቃቂ ግድያዎች በላይ ሌላ ማረጋገጫ የሚያስፈልገው አይደለም።

ህዝባዊ ወያኔ ሓርነት ትግራይ የአስቸኳይ ጊዜ አዋጅ በሚል የህጋዊነትን ጭንብል በመጠቀም ለነጻነቱ ቆርጦ የተነሳውን ህዝብ እየጨፈጨፍን ፣ እያሰርን ፣ እየገደልን ፣ አንገቱን እናስደፋዋለን በሚል ግብና ስሌት በተጭበረበረና በተሰረቀ ድምጽ አዋጁን ማጽደቃቸው ለሁሉም ኢትዮጵያዊ ግልጽ መሆን ያለበት መሰረታዊ ነጥብ ነው።

የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ የጀመረውን ትግል ያለ የሌለ ሃይሉን አስተባብሮ በህወሓት የተጫነበትን አዋጅ እንዲሰብር ሁሉም በኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ የሚገኙ የማህበረስብ ክፍሎች እንዲሁም በውጭም በውስጥም የሚገኙ የዴሞክራሲያዊ ሃይሎች፡ አክቲቪስቶች፡ የሲቪክ ማህበራት የተቀናጀ ርብርብ ማድረግ ያለባቸው ወሳኝ ጊዜ ነው።

1- እያንዳንዱ ኢትዮጵያዊ በግልም በቡድንም ከህወሓት ገዳዮች ራሱንና ቤተሰቡን ለመከላከል ከሚያምናቸው ጓዶቹ ጋር በመሆን ራሱን ማደራጀትና በተቻለው ሁሉ ማስታጠቅ የሚገባው ወቅት አሁን ነው ። ራስን ለመከላከል የሚሆን የትግል ሥነሥርዓት እና የስልጠና ቁሳቁስ የማሟላቱ ስራ የሁላችንንም ርብርብ ይጠይቃል።

የሥርዓቱን የመጨቆኛ ተቋማትና መሣሪያዎችን ከጥቅም ውጭ ለማድረግ በአራቱም ማእዘናት ለሚገኙ አርበኞች እና ታጋዮች መረጃዎችን የማስተላለፊታው ጊዜው አሁን ነው!

በኦሮሞ፣ አማራ፣ በጋምቤላ፣ በአፋር፣ በሶማሌ፣ በደቡብና በአጠቃላይ በመላው ኢትዮጵያ በአራቱም አቅጣጫ በሚገኙ የህወሓት ኮማንድ ፓስት ላይ የሽምቅና የደፈጣ ጥቃቶች ማድረግ ፡ ለህወሓት ልዩሃይሎችና ለአጋዚ ገዳዮች የሚውል ቀለብ፣ ነዳጅ፣ መሳሪያ በሚያጓጉዙ ተሽከርካሪዎች ላይ የአሻጥር እርምጃዎች መወሰድ፣ ማውደም እንዲሁም የኮማንድ ፓስት ገዳዩች እንዳይገናኙና ከቦታ ወደ ቦታ እንደልባቸው እንዳይጓጓዙ በኢትዮጵያ በአራቱም አቅጣጫ የሚገኙ ዋና ዋና መንገዶችን ጎንደር – መተማ- ጎንደር- አዲስ አበባ፣ ባህር ዳር -አዲስ አበባ- ጎንደር – መቀሌ፣ ወሎ- መቀሌ፣ ጂቡቲ- አዋሽ። አዋሽ- አዲስ አበባ- ሞያሌ አዲስ አበባ የሚያዋስኑትን መንገዶች መዝጋት። ዛሬ እዚህ ነገ እዚያ የመንገዶቹ ነጥቦች ላይ በማድረግ የወያኔ አጋዚ ነፍሰ ገዳዮች ሁሉንም መንገድ ለመሸፈን አይችሉም ፡፡ በሁሉም መንገዶች ላይ በኮንቮይ ማሰማራት አቅምና የሰው ሃይል አይኖራቸውም።

የታጠቁና አቅሙ ያላቸው የነጻነት ታጋዮችና ቡድኖች ሁሉ የወያኔን ነፍሰ ገዳዮች ለመበታተን የአስቸኳይ ጊዜ አዋጁን ለማክሸፍ፣ ስርአቱንም ለማሽመድመድ ትልቁ ትኩረታችን ሊሆን የሚገባው በቁጥር3 ላይ የሚገኘው በመሆኑ በሁሉም መስመሮች ይህን መልእክት የማስተላለፍ ስራ ሁላችንም እንሰራ።

5.የወያኔ ገዳዮች የጭነት ተሽከርካሪዎችና የነዳጅ ቦቴዎች ከጥቅም ውጭ እንዲሆኑ በተደራጀና በተጠና መንገድ የማውደም ተግባራት ማድረግ።

6.በየአካባቢው የወያኔ ንብረት የሆኑ ተቋማት ላይ ጥቃት በመፈጸም ኢኮኖሚውን ማሽመድመድ ። የኤፈርት እንዲሁም የታወቁና የተጠኑ የወያኔ ንብረቶች ላይ በአማራ፣ በአፋር፣ በጋምቤላ፣ በኦሮሞ ክልሎች የሚደረጉ ጥቃቶች በጥናትና በመረጃ ላይ ተመሰርቶ ተጠናክሮ መቀጠል አለበት።l

7.የኢህአዴግ አባል ድርጅቶች የመካከለኛና የታችኛው እርከን አባላት ከህወሓት መነጠል እንቅስቃሴ በየክልሉ እንዲሰራ ህዝቡ ላይ ከፍተኛ ግፊት ማድረግ፣ ይህን ለማድረግ ፈቃደኛ ባልሆኑ የኢህአዴግ አባላት ህዝቡ እንቅሮ እንዲተፋቸው፣ የህዝብ ውጉዝ ከማአርዮስ እንዲደርሳባቸው߹ ከማህበራዊም ሆነ ከሁሉም አይነት ግንኙነት እንዲያገላቸው߹ የህወሓት ሎሌና አስፈጻሚና ፈጻሚ ገዳዮች ላይ እርምጃ እንዲወስድባቸው በሁሉም አካባቢዎች ጠንክረን በስፋት መሰራት አለበን።

8.በወያኔ ሓርነት ትግራይ የበላይነት ስር የሚገኘው የመከላከያ ሠራዊትም ሆነ በየክልሉ የሚገኙ የደህነት አባላት ሁሉ ከህወሓት በኋላ የሚመጣው ሥርዓት ለእነሱም የሚበጅ መሆኑን ሁሉም

ኢትዮጵያዊ የተለያዩ መንገዶችን በመጠቀም ማስተላልፍ ። በዘረፋና በዘረኝነት በላዩ ላይ የተንሰራፉትን የወያኔ ሓርነት ትግራይ ጀነራሎችና መኮንኖች የስልጣን እድሜ ለማራዘም የመከላከያ ሰራዊት አባላት በወገኖቻቸው ከወንድምና እህቶቻቸው ፤ ከወላጆቻችሁ ጋር ደም ለማፍሰስ የሚያደርጉትን እንቅስቃሴ አንቀበልም ብለው መሳሪያቸውን ወደ ዘራፊ፣ ጨካኝና ዘረኛ ወደሆኑት የህወሓት ጀነራሎች እና ወታደሮቻቸው [የወያኔ ትግሬዎች ልዩ ሃይልና አጋዚ] ላይ እንዲያዞሩ የኦሮሞ፡ የአማራ፡ የደቡብ፡ የአፋር፡ የጋምቤላና የሌሎችም ማህበረሰቦች እናቶች߹ አባቶች߹ ወንድሞች ߹ እህቶች በሰራዊት ውስጥ ለሚገኙ ዘመዶቻችው ይህን መልእክት በሚያገኙትመስመሮች ሁሉ የማስተላልፍ ተግባር በስፋትና በአፋጣኝ መሰራት አለበን!! ይህን ወቅታዊ መልክት በማስተላለፍ ይተባበርሩ። እናመሰግናለን!

(ኢሳት ዲሲ–የካቲት 26/2010)


ህገወጡን የአስቸኳይ ጊዜ አዋጅ በመቃወም ለ3ቀናት የተጠራው በቤት ውስጥ የመቀመጥና የስራ ማቆም አድማ በመላው የኦሮሚያ ክልል በመካሄድ ላይ ነው። በአዲስ አበባ ዙሪያ በምዕራብ ሸዋ፣ በወለጋ፣ በሀረርጌ፣ በአርሲ፣ በባሌና በሌሎች አካባቢዎች ዛሬ የተጀመረው አድማ የንግድና የትራንስፖርት እንቅስቃሴውን ሙሉ በሙሉ እንዲቋረጥ ማድረጉ ታውቋል። በአዲስ አበባ አውቶቦስ ተራዎች ጭር ብለው ውለዋል። ከጅማ ወደ አዲስ አበባ በወታደራዊ አጀብ እየመጣ ያለ የህዝብ ማመላለሽ አውቶቡስ አሰንዳቦ ላይ ጥቃት ደርሶበታል። በርካታ መንገዶች በመዘጋታቸው ወደ አዲስአበባ የሚመጡ ተሽከርካሪዎች መንቀሳቀስ እንዳልቻሉ ታውቋል። ከአዲስ አበባ ጀምሮ በአራቱም አቅጣጫዎች በሚገኙ የኦሮሚያ ክልል ከተሞች አድማው ሙሉ በሙሉ መመታቱን መረጃዎች አመልክተዋል። በአዲስ አበባ ዙሪያ በለገጣፎ፣ ቡራ፣ ሰበታ፣ ፉሪ፣ ዓለምገናና ሌሎች የኦሮሚያ ልዩ ዞን ከተሞች አድማው በስፋት ከተመታባቸው አካባቢዎች የሚጠቀሱ ናቸው። በወሊሶ መስመር እስከጅማ ድረስ ባሉ ከተሞች አድማው በተጠናከረ ሁኔታ በመካሄድ ላይ መሆኑን ለማወቅ ተችሏል። ዛሬ የአዲስ አበባ አውቶቡስ ማቆሚያዎች ጭር ብለው እንደዋሉም የደረሰን መረጃ አመልክቷል። በቤት ውስጥ መቀመጥና የስራ ማቆም አድማው በጂማና አጋሮ ከትላንት ጀምሮ መመታቱን መረጃዎች ያመለክታሉ። ትላንት ጅማ በርካታ ሱቆችና መደብሮች የተዘጉ ሲሆን ዛሬ ቀሪዎቹ ተቀላቅለው አድማው ሙሉ በሙሉ በመካሄድ ላይ መሆኑ ታውቋል። ምዕራብ ኢትዮጵያ ሙሉ በሙሉ አድማ እየተካሄደ መሆኑንም የሚያመለክቱ መረጃዎች ለኢሳት ደርሰውታል። በመቱ ዛሬ ሱቆችና መደብሮች ተዘግተዋል። የትራንስፖርት አገልግሎት ተቋርጧል። ትላንት ከአዲስ አበባ የወጡ የህዝብ ማመላለሺያና ሌሎች ተሽከርካሪዎች በጊቤ በረሃ አበንቲ በሚባል ቦታ እንዲቆሙ ተደርገዋል። በወታደራዊ ጥበቃ ከጅማ የተነሳ አንድ የህዝብ ማመላለሺያ አውቶቡስ አሰንዳቦ ከምትባል አነስተኛ ከተማ ሲደርስ በህዝብ በተወሰደበት ርምጃ መስታወቱ መሰባበሩ ታውቋል። በመንገደኞች ላይ የደረሰ ጉዳት እንደሌለም ተገልጿል። በምዕራብ ሸዋ ባለፈው ቅዳሜ የተጀመረው አድማ የቀጠለ ሲሆን በአምቦ፣ ጉደርና ጊንጪ የንግድና የትራንስፖርት አገልግሎት ተቋርጧል። ዋና ዋና መንገዶች ተዘግተዋል። በወለጋም በበርካታ ከተሞች አድማ እየተካሄደ ነው። በጊምቢና ነጆ የተጠናከረ ሲሆን ነቀምትም ከእንቅስቃሴ ውጪ ሆና ውላለች። በምስራቅና ምዕራብ ሀረርጌም በተመሳሳይ የስራ ማቆምና በቤት ውስጥ የመቀመጥ አድማ ተደርጓል። ከአዲስ አበባ ወደ ድሬዳዋ የሚወስደው መንገድ የተዘጋ ሲሆን የመከላከያ ሰራዊት መንገዱን ለማስከፈት እየሞከረ መሆኑን የደረሰን መረጃ ያመለክታል። በሌላ በኩል የህዝብ ማመላለሻ ተሽከርካሪዎች ስራ እንዲጀምሩ ሾፌሮች በወታደሮች እየተገደዱ መሆኑን ለኢሳት በደረሰ መረጃ ላይ ተመልክቷል። ሾፌሮቹ ግን ዋስትና የለንም በማለት ማስፈራሪያውን አልተቀበሉትም። በተያያዘ ዜና ወልቂጤም አድማውን በመቀላቀል ከእንቅስቃሴ ውጭ ሆና መዋሏ ታውቋል። ከሳምንት በፊት ለ8ቀናት የቆየ አድማ በመታችው ወልቂጤ ዛሬም ንግድ ቤቶች ተዘግተው እንደነበር ተገልጿል። አንድ ታንክ ወልቂጤ ከተማ ላይ መታየቱን የገለጸው ወኪላችን ከፍተኛ ቁጥር ያላቸው የአጋዚ ወታደሮችም ወደ አካባቢው መሰማራታቸውን ጠቅሷል። በሌላ በኩል ከአድማው ጋር በተያያዘ በጅጅጋ የንግድ እንቅስቃሴው በመቋረጡ ህዝቡ በምግብ እጥረት ችግር ላይ መውደቁን ለማወቅ ተችሏል። በዚህም ከፍተኛ የኢኮኖሚ ቀውስ መፈጠሩም ታውቋል።