Ginbot sebat was founded by Dr.Berhanu Nega and Andargachew Tsige.Dr Berhanu was chairman of Rainbow Ethiopia Movement for Democracy and Social Justice founded by Professor Mesfin Woldemariam which letter merged with CUD under the leadership of Hailu Shawel for the May 2005 election.The election was rigged and ended in bloody crack down. Dr.Berhanu and Andargachew was then imprisoned for 21 months following the October 2005 riot. After an immense international pressure and cut of funds for the EPRDF by the international community weyane released them on July 2007. Dr.Birhanu quickly left to the United states and become an instructor at the Bucknell University.He and Andargachew Tsige founded Ginbot sebat on May 2008. Ginbot sebat and Arbegnoch Ginbar merged on January 10,2015.
Arbegnoch Ginbar was founded on October 7,1993 and mainly operates on the north western parts of Ethiopia.Its currently headed by Meazaw getu.Currently they receive financial and military aid from the Eritrean regime.
TPLF has accused them of plotting a cue and sentenced them to death in absentia on December 2009.Among those accused and sentenced to prison were brigadier general Tefera Mamo. Ginbot sebat intelligence foiled an assassination attempt on Andargachew Tsige on November 2013 on Eritrean soil.But he was arrested on route to Asmara by Weyanne intelligence in Yemen on 23 June 2014 and is now on death row in Ethiopia.Despite holding United Kingdom passport little effort has been done by the UK government to secure his release. Its supporters has collected 30,000 petition and soon will deliver it to the UK chancellor Theresa May.
They were the most organized group waging an armed struggle against TPLF/weyanne. Eritrea has extended its financial aid and military aid to Ginbot sebat arbegnoch ginbar. The incompetent puppet Ethiopian PM Hailemariam Desalegn has threatened to use military force against Eritrea.